Cecil A. Klufio, E.Y. Kwawukume, K.A. Danso, John J. Sciarra, and Timothy Johnson
American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology, 2003
"We describe a residency program in Ghana that was developed to train obstetrics/gynecologist specialists for Ghana and the subregion to promote and manage the reproductive health of women and to reduce a high maternal mortality rate. The Carnegie-supported program, begun in 1989, is a 5-year residency in the two medical schools in Ghana, but with one central coordinating office. It has features that equip the graduate residents to practice in his/her environment. The fourth year of the program is unique: the resident attends a hospital management course for 3 months, goes for a clinical rotation in the United States or United Kingdom for 3 months, and moves to live and work in a rural district hospital for 6 months. The success rate of the Ghanaian residents in the examination of the West African College of Surgeons has been three to four times higher than the overall pass rate. As of October 2002, the program had produced 26 specialists, all of whom are practicing in Ghana. In contrast, of 30 specialists who were trained abroad between 1960 and 1980, only 3 specialists had returned home by the end of the 1980's. The current chairpersons of the two medical schools are graduates of the program. Carnegie financial support for the program came to an end in January 2000, but the Ghana Ministry of Health has increased its support enthusiastically. The program is being sustained. Maternal mortality and morbidity rates are falling slowly in the two teaching hospitals; case fatality rates have been reduced markedly. New residents are entering the program and are progressing to completion. The program has been an unqualified success and merits replication."