Shahid Yusuf, William Saint, and Kaoru Nabeshima
World Bank, 2009
"The name of the game now is knowledge-intensive development. It calls for a new outlook—one that is more strategic and nationally integrated—on the nature of the contribution that education can make to industrialization, to exports, to the building of a more resilient economy, and to confronting the twenty-first century challenges posed by climate change, AIDS, food security, energy supply, and more. It calls also for a reappraisal of past empirical findings on the relationship between education and growth in response to changed circumstances. In particular, it points to a rebalancing of the relative attention given to primary, secondary, and tertiary education in light of where countries are with respect to their primary education goals, the state of tertiary education, and the anticipated role that knowledge and skills are expected to have in their future growth. And all of this must be incorporated into a new understanding of the role and mission of tertiary education within a global knowledge economy. This new outlook, together with the policy interventions it implies, comprise a pathway to the vital skills and increased knowledge that African economies are certain to require if they are to increase their competitiveness and thereby sustain their recent growth."