F. Abdel Aziz
Ahfad Journal, 1994
"This article describes the establishment in 1990 of a School of Medicine at Ahfad University for Women in Sudan. The school was premised on the view that women doctors would have a better opportunity to affect and improve women's health than men doctors. The curriculum is innovative and relies on a community orientation and a problem-solving approach. Medicine and health are taught in a holistic way. The new approach is rooted in the Alma Ata Declaration in 1978 of Health for All by the year 2000. The new method of delivery of medical care in the School of Medicine is based on the promotion of health through health education, prevention of disease, proper nutrition, provision of a safe water supply, attention to maternal/child health and family planning, and attention to the treatment of endemic diseases. In order to teach primary health care, medical schools must change their practices. Delivery of health care will have to be changed. New curriculum approaches emphasize learning objectives in each of the teaching modules and small group teaching. Integrated learning means the separate disciplines of medicine are taught as a whole multidisciplinary unit. Case management learning has the potential for increasing motivation and the ability to discover the knowledge needed to solve the problem. McMaster University relies on a problem-oriented approach to medical education that prepares the student for coping with changes in medical knowledge in the future. The challenge for educators is to create an efficient and comprehensive curriculum that will prepare a doctor for lifelong learning. Health settings have also changed to deemphasize sophisticated hospital settings in favor of community-based health centers. Ahfad University is the only one of its kind in Sudan. Medical education includes 6 years of schooling divided into 3 phases."